# Logging

Prefect has a variety of ways to generate logs from tasks.

# Logging Configuration

Prefect's log levels are governed by prefect.config.logging.level, which defaults to INFO. However, this setting only affects "Prefect" loggers, not Python loggers globally.

To change the default log level, set the environment variable PREFECT__LOGGING__LEVEL=DEBUG.

# Prefect Loggers

To access a Prefect-configured logger, use prefect.utilities.logging.get_logger(<optional name>). If you don't provide a name, you'll receive the root Prefect logger.

# Logging from Tasks

# Task Classes

To log from a task class, use self.logger:

class MyTask(prefect.Task):
    def run(self):
        self.logger.info("An info message.")
        self.logger.warning("A warning message.")

# Task Decorators

To log from a task generated with an @task decorator, access the logger from context while your task is running:

def my_task():
    logger = prefect.context.get("logger")

    logger.info("An info message.")
    logger.warning("A warning message.")

Make sure to only access context while your task is running

The Prefect context is populated when your task runs. Therefore, you should only access the context logger while your task is running. For example, this WON'T work:

logger = prefect.context.get("logger")

def my_task():

    logger.info("An info message.")
    logger.warning("A warning message.")

# Logging stdout

Prefect tasks natively support forwarding the output of stdout to a logger. This can be enabled by setting log_stdout=True on your task.

def log_my_stdout():
    print("I will be logged!")

# Extra Loggers

Many libraries like boto3 and snowflake.connector are setup to emit their own internal logs when configured with a logging configuration. You may even have an internal shared library for your team with the same functionality.

If you are doing this via the standard logging library you might do this:

import logging
import sys
for l in ['snowflake.connector', 'boto3', 'custom_lib']:
    logger = logging.getLogger(l)
    log_stream = logging.StreamHandler(sys.stdout)

Given that Prefect already provides a way to configure logging for local and cloud, you can provide these extra loggers to have them inherit the Prefect logging config to stream locally and also show up in cloud.

In order for this to work you need to provide a list to prefect.config.logging.extra_loggers.

Here is what the TOML config will look like:

# Extra loggers for Prefect log configuration
extra_loggers = "['snowflake.connector', 'boto3', 'custom_lib']"

As an environment variable:

export PREFECT__LOGGING__EXTRA_LOGGERS="['snowflake.connector', 'boto3', 'custom_lib']"