# Next Steps

In this tutorial we showed how Prefect can be used to improve the behavior of your workflow. However, there is a lot more to Prefect that we didn't cover!

# Logging within your Tasks

Within our tutorial Tasks are displaying information via Python's built in print() function:

@task
def load_reference_data(ref_data):
    print("saving reference data...")

    db = aclib.Database()
    db.update_reference_data(ref_data)

However, there is already a Logger object made available to you within Tasks:



 
 




@task
def load_reference_data(ref_data):
    logger = prefect.context.get("logger")
    logger.info("saving reference data...")

    db = aclib.Database()
    db.update_reference_data(ref_data)

# Storing Task Results

In this particular Aircraft ETL example we did not have an explicit need to keep intermediate results at each step along the way. However, Prefect provides a Result abstraction that enables users to persist Results returned from each Task to a storage of choice:

 

 






from prefect.engine.results import LocalResult

result = LocalResult(dir="./my-results")

with Flow("Aircraft-ETL", result=result) as flow:
    ...

flow.run()

Now any results generated by individual Tasks are written out to the ./my-results directory, relative to where the Flow was executed from. Prefect provides many supported Results to persist results to common storage options such as S3, Google Cloud Storage, Azure Storage, and more.

# Advanced Control Structures

In this tutorial we could have gone one step further and asked for fetching all aircraft data within X radius of multiple Y airports. In this case Mapping would be the easiest way to tackle this, calling our extract_live_data Task for each desired airport.

More about Control Structures

# Ready-made Task Library

Within our tutorial Tasks were always user-provided functions, however, Prefect provides a library of ready-made Tasks. Here's an example Flow that uses ShellTasks to run arbitrary commands:


 

 


 
 
 




from prefect import Flow
from prefect.tasks.shell import ShellTask
 
shell = ShellTask()
with Flow("Simple Pipeline") as flow:
   flow.chain(
       shell(command='pip install -r requirements.txt'),
       shell(command='black --check .'),
       shell(command='pytest .'),
   )
 
flow.run()

The Task library includes integrations with Kubernetes, GitHub, Slack, Docker, AWS, GCP, and more!