Once you have some awesome flows, you probably want to test them!
Unit testing flows¶
Prefect provides a simple context manager for unit tests that allows you to run flows and tasks against a temporary local SQLite database.
from prefect import flow from prefect.testing.utilities import prefect_test_harness @flow def my_favorite_flow(): return 42 def test_my_favorite_flow(): with prefect_test_harness(): # run the flow against a temporary testing database assert my_favorite_flow() == 42
For more extensive testing, you can leverage
prefect_test_harness as a fixture in your unit testing framework. For example, when using
from prefect import flow import pytest from prefect.testing.utilities import prefect_test_harness @pytest.fixture(autouse=True, scope="session") def prefect_test_fixture(): with prefect_test_harness(): yield @flow def my_favorite_flow(): return 42 def test_my_favorite_flow(): assert my_favorite_flow() == 42
In this example, the fixture is scoped to run once for the entire test session. In most cases, you will not need a clean database for each test and just want to isolate your test runs to a test database. Creating a new test database per test creates significant overhead, so we recommend scoping the fixture to the session. If you need to isolate some tests fully, you can use the test harness again to create a fresh database.
Unit testing tasks¶
To test an individual task, you can access the original function using
from prefect import flow, task @task def my_favorite_task(): return 42 @flow def my_favorite_flow(): val = my_favorite_task() return val def test_my_favorite_task(): assert my_favorite_task.fn() == 42